Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 folks (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than one particular million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan spot, also recognized as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is element of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan spot is the 11th biggest by population in the United States, with around four.73 million folks as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the biggest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), more than twice the dimension of Tucson and one particular of the biggest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural community close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a sizzling desert climate. Regardless of this, its canal program led to a thriving farming community with the unique settler’s crops remaining critical components of the Phoenix economic system for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper were recognized locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic system. These remained the driving forces of the city until finally soon after Globe War II, when substantial-tech organizations began to move into the valley and air conditioning manufactured Phoenix’s sizzling summers more bearable.
The city averaged a four % annual population growth price over a 40–year time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth price slowed in the course of the Great Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded gradually. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.